Assessment of the adaptation capabilities of the bivalves Modiolus modiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Crenomytilus grayanus (Dunker, 1853) under increased levels of heavy metals in the environment

Assessment of the adaptation capabilities of the bivalves Modiolus modiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) and... The active biomonitoring method was used to examine the changes in heavy-metal (Fe, Zn, Cu, Cd, Mn, Pb, and Ni) contents in the organs (muscle, gonads, mantle, gills, digestive gland, and kidney) of the mussels Crenomytilus grayanus and Modiolus modiolus. The dynamics of trace element concentrations in mussel organs during the experiment were compared with their subcellular distribution. The defense strategy of M. modiolus consisted of the threshold accumulation of toxic metals in all organs followed by their excretion, whereas the strategy of C. grayanus involved short-term isolation from adverse environmental influence. Under chronic pollution, in C. grayanus the main loads occurred in the digestive gland and kidney. Under acute changes in environmental conditions, the processes of regulation (detoxification/excretion) of Fe, Mn, and Pb in this species were impaired substantially. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Assessment of the adaptation capabilities of the bivalves Modiolus modiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Crenomytilus grayanus (Dunker, 1853) under increased levels of heavy metals in the environment

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074012020101
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The active biomonitoring method was used to examine the changes in heavy-metal (Fe, Zn, Cu, Cd, Mn, Pb, and Ni) contents in the organs (muscle, gonads, mantle, gills, digestive gland, and kidney) of the mussels Crenomytilus grayanus and Modiolus modiolus. The dynamics of trace element concentrations in mussel organs during the experiment were compared with their subcellular distribution. The defense strategy of M. modiolus consisted of the threshold accumulation of toxic metals in all organs followed by their excretion, whereas the strategy of C. grayanus involved short-term isolation from adverse environmental influence. Under chronic pollution, in C. grayanus the main loads occurred in the digestive gland and kidney. Under acute changes in environmental conditions, the processes of regulation (detoxification/excretion) of Fe, Mn, and Pb in this species were impaired substantially.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 22, 2012

References

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