Purpose Forest–steppe and the southern forest ecotones of European Russia (ER) are the most productive agricultural areas in Russia. Both climate and land use changes have occurred within the ER during last 30 years. These changes can lead to changes in the timing, magnitude, and spatial distribution of soil erosion rates on cultivated lands. The objective of this research was to assess the trends in soil erosion rates since the 1960s for two agricultural regions of ER. Materials and methods Rates of soil erosion were estimated for two time windows (1963–1986 and 1986–2015) within the two agricultural regions. Both regions are characterized by a high proportion of cropland (> 60%), and within each region, one river basin and one 1st–3rd-order agricultural catchment were selected for a detailed assessment of soil erosion rates. Erosion models and visual interpretation of satellite images were used for the evaluation of the erosion rates for the river basins. Sediment budget assessments, Cs dating, geomorphologic mapping, and erosion models were used for the evaluation of the sediment redistri- bution for the two time windows in agricultural catchments. Results and discussion At the river basin scale, the mean annual erosion rate did not change in the
Journal of Soils and Sediments – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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