Assessment of radiation impact on Stellaria graminea cenopopulations in the zone of the Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace

Assessment of radiation impact on Stellaria graminea cenopopulations in the zone of the Eastern... The seed progeny of the little starwort (Stellaria graminea) growing in the zone of the Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace (EURT) and in background areas was studied. The radiation exposure of this species in the EURT zone was three orders of magnitude higher than in the background. Evidence was obtained for high interannual variation in seed viability and tolerance to additional acute irradiation, but no specific connection was revealed between these parameters and radioactive contamination level in plant habitats. Weather conditions are an important source of variation in seed viability, but significant influence of temperature and precipitation was revealed only for cenopopulations of the EURT. The proportion of seedlings with morphoses in samples from the EURT was found to be increased; additional irradiation facilitated the detection of latent abnormalities. A negative correlation between seedling survival rate and the content of low-molecular antioxidants in the seedlings was revealed in all test areas. The allozyme structure of starwort cenopopulation was analyzed for the first time. A directed switch of allele frequencies at loci Pgi-2 and Fdh was revealed in samples from the EURT. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Ecology Springer Journals

Assessment of radiation impact on Stellaria graminea cenopopulations in the zone of the Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Environment, general; Ecology
ISSN
1067-4136
eISSN
1608-3334
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1067413610060019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The seed progeny of the little starwort (Stellaria graminea) growing in the zone of the Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace (EURT) and in background areas was studied. The radiation exposure of this species in the EURT zone was three orders of magnitude higher than in the background. Evidence was obtained for high interannual variation in seed viability and tolerance to additional acute irradiation, but no specific connection was revealed between these parameters and radioactive contamination level in plant habitats. Weather conditions are an important source of variation in seed viability, but significant influence of temperature and precipitation was revealed only for cenopopulations of the EURT. The proportion of seedlings with morphoses in samples from the EURT was found to be increased; additional irradiation facilitated the detection of latent abnormalities. A negative correlation between seedling survival rate and the content of low-molecular antioxidants in the seedlings was revealed in all test areas. The allozyme structure of starwort cenopopulation was analyzed for the first time. A directed switch of allele frequencies at loci Pgi-2 and Fdh was revealed in samples from the EURT.

Journal

Russian Journal of EcologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 23, 2010

References

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