The seed progeny of the little starwort (Stellaria graminea) growing in the zone of the Eastern Ural Radioactive Trace (EURT) and in background areas was studied. The radiation exposure of this species in the EURT zone was three orders of magnitude higher than in the background. Evidence was obtained for high interannual variation in seed viability and tolerance to additional acute irradiation, but no specific connection was revealed between these parameters and radioactive contamination level in plant habitats. Weather conditions are an important source of variation in seed viability, but significant influence of temperature and precipitation was revealed only for cenopopulations of the EURT. The proportion of seedlings with morphoses in samples from the EURT was found to be increased; additional irradiation facilitated the detection of latent abnormalities. A negative correlation between seedling survival rate and the content of low-molecular antioxidants in the seedlings was revealed in all test areas. The allozyme structure of starwort cenopopulation was analyzed for the first time. A directed switch of allele frequencies at loci Pgi-2 and Fdh was revealed in samples from the EURT.
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 23, 2010
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