Assessment of hepatitis B virus antibody titers in childhood cancer survivors

Assessment of hepatitis B virus antibody titers in childhood cancer survivors Pediatric patients suffering from cancer are at risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its related complications even though it is considered a vaccine preventable disease. Little is known of the effects of chemotherapy, and even less is known regarding the impact of HBV booster on HBV antibody titers. It is the purpose of this study to investigate and measure the prevalence of the antihepatitis B surface antibodies (HBsAb) in childhood cancer survivors after completion of their chemotherapy treatment and to further evaluate survivors’ response to a single booster dose of HBV vaccine. This observational, cross-sectional retrospective study included 43 patients, of which 37 (86%) were found to be seronegative (HBsAb titer <10 mIU/ml). The notable result was that, of the seronegative patients who received a booster dose of HBV vaccine, 90% of the tested cases exhibited a successful raising of HBsAb titers >10 mIU/ml. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Pediatrics Springer Journals

Assessment of hepatitis B virus antibody titers in childhood cancer survivors

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pediatrics
ISSN
0340-6199
eISSN
1432-1076
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00431-017-2970-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pediatric patients suffering from cancer are at risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its related complications even though it is considered a vaccine preventable disease. Little is known of the effects of chemotherapy, and even less is known regarding the impact of HBV booster on HBV antibody titers. It is the purpose of this study to investigate and measure the prevalence of the antihepatitis B surface antibodies (HBsAb) in childhood cancer survivors after completion of their chemotherapy treatment and to further evaluate survivors’ response to a single booster dose of HBV vaccine. This observational, cross-sectional retrospective study included 43 patients, of which 37 (86%) were found to be seronegative (HBsAb titer <10 mIU/ml). The notable result was that, of the seronegative patients who received a booster dose of HBV vaccine, 90% of the tested cases exhibited a successful raising of HBsAb titers >10 mIU/ml.

Journal

European Journal of PediatricsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 20, 2017

References

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