Pediatric patients suffering from cancer are at risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its related complications even though it is considered a vaccine preventable disease. Little is known of the effects of chemotherapy, and even less is known regarding the impact of HBV booster on HBV antibody titers. It is the purpose of this study to investigate and measure the prevalence of the antihepatitis B surface antibodies (HBsAb) in childhood cancer survivors after completion of their chemotherapy treatment and to further evaluate survivors’ response to a single booster dose of HBV vaccine. This observational, cross-sectional retrospective study included 43 patients, of which 37 (86%) were found to be seronegative (HBsAb titer <10 mIU/ml). The notable result was that, of the seronegative patients who received a booster dose of HBV vaccine, 90% of the tested cases exhibited a successful raising of HBsAb titers >10 mIU/ml.
European Journal of Pediatrics – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 20, 2017
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