Hepatitis C virus (HCV) disproportionately affects American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). The Indian Health Service (IHS), via federal and tribal health facilities provides medical services to an estimated 2.2 million AI/AN people in the United States. HCV diagnoses, defined by International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes, were analyzed from 2005 to 2015. Results showed 29,803 patients with an HCV diagnosis; 53.4% were among persons born 1945–1965 and overall HCV burden was higher among males than females. These data will help inform local, regional, and national efforts to address, plan for and carry out a national strategy to provide treatment for HCV infected patients and programs to prevent new HCV infections. Keywords Hepatitis C virus · American Indian Alaskan Native · Indian Health Service Introduction tested at least once for HCV infection [1, 7]. Exposure to HCV is primarily blood-borne, with injection drug use as the Approximately 3.5 million persons in the U.S. have chronic main mode of transmission. A history of medical care expo- infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Of these persons, sures, vertical transmission from mother to child, and non- approximately 75% were born from 1945 to 1965 (“baby sterile tattoos are other notable modes of transmission .
Journal of Community Health – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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