Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 3, Fall 2005 (
ASSAILANT AND VICTIM BEHAVIORS
Martha L. Crowner, M.D., Gordana Peric, M.D., Franko
Stepcic, M.D., and Seungyeoun Lee, Ph.D.
The goals of this study were to detect and deﬁne victim and assailant behav-
iors immediately before inpatient assault and to determine their speciﬁcity
to assault, to assailants, and to more serious assaults. Assault was deﬁned as
physical contact such as hitting and slapping and detected using video-cameras
installed on a specialized ward for violent patients. Antecedent behaviors, or
cues, were identiﬁed in victim and assailant in the ﬁve minutes preceding as-
sault and in control periods, ﬁve minute segments in which both patients were
present but no assault occurred. Fifty-ﬁve assaults between 59 patients were
detected. Threatening and intrusive behaviors in assailant and victim preceded
60% of assaults and 10% of control periods. They were more than ten times
more numerous before assaults. Assault was often the end of a set of overt,
Martha L. Crowner, M.D., is afﬁliated with Columbia University College of Physicians
and Surgeons, New York, New York.
Gordana Peric, M.D., and Franko Stepcic, M.D., are afﬁliated with 314 Franklin
Avenue, Suite 103, Berlin, Maryland.
Seungyeoun Lee, Ph.D., is afﬁliated with Sejong University Department of Applied
Mathematics, Seoul, South Korea.
Address correspondence to Dr. Crowner, 180 Cabrini Blvd., Apt. 74, New York, NY
10033; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2005 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.