The ability to act on the world with the goal of gaining information is core to human adaptability and intelligence. Perhaps the most successful and influential account of such abilities is the Optimal Experiment Design (OED) hypothesis, which argues that humans intuitively perform experiments on the world similar to the way an effective scientist plans an experiment. The widespread application of this theory within many areas of psychology calls for a critical evaluation of the theory’s core claims. Despite many successes, we argue that the OED hypothesis remains lacking as a theory of human inquiry and that research in the area often fails to confront some of the most interesting and important questions. In this critical review, we raise and discuss nine open questions about the psychology of human inquiry. Keywords Inquiry · Information search · Information gain · Optimal experiment design · Active learning · Question asking Introduction general statistical framework that quantifies the value of a possible experiment with respect to the experimenter’s The ability to ask questions, collect information, and beliefs and learning goals and can help researchers plan actively explore one’s environment is a powerful tool for informative experiments. The psychological claim is that learning
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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