This study investigated arsenic (As) availability and uptake by rape (Brassica campestris L.) during two harvest periods of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)-stabilized ferrihydrite (HFO) nanoparticles for in situ treatment As-contaminated soil. Application of modified HFO nanoparticles in soils not only provided a larger specific surface area but also markedly improved stability against aggregation and recrystallization. For 90-day incubation, bare HFO particles were gradually converted to the crystalline Fe(III) oxide form, although this was not observed for the 0.5% CMC-HFO nanoparticles. CMC-modified HFO nanoparticles could be more effective in lowering the As uptake by rape and available As in soils than bare HFO particles. Compared the control without amendments, As contents in rape and available As in soils decreased 69.7 and 59.0%, respectively, during the second harvest when soils were amended with 0.5% HFO nanoparticles. And the soil-solution distribution coefficient (K d ) increased by 2.6 and 2.8 times for the first and second harvest. Furthermore, the ratio of amorphous and free Fe-oxides (Feo/Fed) showed significant negative linear correlations with Asplant (P < 0.01), available As (P < 0.05), and nonspecifically sorbed As in soil (P < 0.01). In contrast, Feo/Fed was positively correlated with K d and amorphous crystalline Fe/Al oxide-sorbed As, which suggests that a larger amount of As is associated with Fe(hydr)oxide in the amorphous phase or smaller particles.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2018
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