Are vulnerabilities discovered and resolved like other defects?

Are vulnerabilities discovered and resolved like other defects? Software defect data has long been used to drive software development process improvement. If security defects (vulnerabilities) are discovered and resolved by different software development practices than non-security defects, the knowledge of that distinction could be applied to drive process improvement. The goal of this research is to support technical leaders in making security-specific software development process improvements by analyzing the differences between the discovery and resolution of defects versus that of vulnerabilities. We extend Orthogonal Defect Classification (ODC), a scheme for classifying software defects to support software development process improvement, to study process-related differences between vulnerabilities and defects, creating ODC + Vulnerabilities (ODC + V). We applied ODC + V to classify 583 vulnerabilities and 583 defects across 133 releases of three open-source projects (Firefox, phpMyAdmin, and Chrome). Compared with defects, vulnerabilities are found later in the development cycle and are more likely to be resolved through changes to conditional logic. In Firefox, vulnerabilities are resolved 33% more quickly than defects. From a process improvement perspective, these results indicate opportunities may exist for more efficient vulnerability detection and resolution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Empirical Software Engineering Springer Journals

Are vulnerabilities discovered and resolved like other defects?

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Computer Science; Software Engineering/Programming and Operating Systems; Programming Languages, Compilers, Interpreters
ISSN
1382-3256
eISSN
1573-7616
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10664-017-9541-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Software defect data has long been used to drive software development process improvement. If security defects (vulnerabilities) are discovered and resolved by different software development practices than non-security defects, the knowledge of that distinction could be applied to drive process improvement. The goal of this research is to support technical leaders in making security-specific software development process improvements by analyzing the differences between the discovery and resolution of defects versus that of vulnerabilities. We extend Orthogonal Defect Classification (ODC), a scheme for classifying software defects to support software development process improvement, to study process-related differences between vulnerabilities and defects, creating ODC + Vulnerabilities (ODC + V). We applied ODC + V to classify 583 vulnerabilities and 583 defects across 133 releases of three open-source projects (Firefox, phpMyAdmin, and Chrome). Compared with defects, vulnerabilities are found later in the development cycle and are more likely to be resolved through changes to conditional logic. In Firefox, vulnerabilities are resolved 33% more quickly than defects. From a process improvement perspective, these results indicate opportunities may exist for more efficient vulnerability detection and resolution.

Journal

Empirical Software EngineeringSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 19, 2017

References

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