Int Urogynecol J (2018) 29:339–344 DOI 10.1007/s00192-017-3466-5 ORIGINAL ARTICLE 1 1 1 1 Aswini A Balachandran & Swapna Duvalla & Abdul H Sultan & Ranee Thakar Received: 29 May 2017 /Accepted: 18 August 2017 /Published online: 9 September 2017 The International Urogynecological Association 2017 . . Abstract Keywords Episiotomy Female circumcision Female . . . Introduction and hypothesis Female genital mutilation cutting Female genital mutilation Neonatal outcomes (FGM) has been associated with adverse obstetric and neona- Obstetric outcomes tal outcomes, such as postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), perine- al trauma, genital fistulae, obstructed labour and stillbirth. The prevalence of FGM has increased in the UK over the last Introduction decade. There are currently no studies available that have ex- plored the obstetric impact of FGM in the UK. The aim of our Female genital mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World study was to investigate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes Health Organisation (WHO) as all procedures that involve of women with FGM when compared with the general partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other population. injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or Methods We conducted a retrospective case–control study of other nontherapeutic reasons .
International Urogynecology Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 9, 2017
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