Arabidopsis Rad51B is important for double-strand DNA breaks repair in somatic cells

Arabidopsis Rad51B is important for double-strand DNA breaks repair in somatic cells Rad51 paralogs belong to the Rad52 epistasis group of proteins and are involved in homologous recombination (HR), especially the assembly and stabilization of Rad51, which is a homolog of RecA in eukaryotes. We previously cloned and characterized two RAD51 paralogous genes in Arabidopsis, named AtRAD51C and AtXRCC3, which are considered the counterparts of human RAD51C and XRCC3, respectively. Here we describe the identification of RAD51B homologue in Arabidopsis, AtRAD51B. We found a higher expression of AtRAD51B in flower buds and roots. Expression of AtRAD51B was induced by genotoxic stresses such as ionizing irradiation and treatment with a cross-linking reagent, cisplatin. Yeast two-hybrid analysis showed that AtRad51B interacted with AtRad51C. We also found and characterized T-DNA insertion mutant lines. The mutant lines were devoid of AtRAD51B expression, viable and fertile. The mutants were moderately sensitive to γ-ray and hypersensitive to cisplatin. Our results suggest that AtRAD51B gene product is involved in the repair of double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) via HR http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals
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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-005-2187-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rad51 paralogs belong to the Rad52 epistasis group of proteins and are involved in homologous recombination (HR), especially the assembly and stabilization of Rad51, which is a homolog of RecA in eukaryotes. We previously cloned and characterized two RAD51 paralogous genes in Arabidopsis, named AtRAD51C and AtXRCC3, which are considered the counterparts of human RAD51C and XRCC3, respectively. Here we describe the identification of RAD51B homologue in Arabidopsis, AtRAD51B. We found a higher expression of AtRAD51B in flower buds and roots. Expression of AtRAD51B was induced by genotoxic stresses such as ionizing irradiation and treatment with a cross-linking reagent, cisplatin. Yeast two-hybrid analysis showed that AtRad51B interacted with AtRad51C. We also found and characterized T-DNA insertion mutant lines. The mutant lines were devoid of AtRAD51B expression, viable and fertile. The mutants were moderately sensitive to γ-ray and hypersensitive to cisplatin. Our results suggest that AtRAD51B gene product is involved in the repair of double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) via HR

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 15, 2005

References

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