Mammalian E2F transcription factors are composed of E2F and DP subunits, and with their negative regulators, Rb-related proteins, govern expression of cell-division-related genes. Six E2Fs and two DPs are present in mammals, but only single E2F genes are known from wheat, tobacco and carrot. Here we show that E2Fs are a multigene family in Arabidopsis, and report isolation of three E2F-like clones AtE2F1-3, with 45–62% identity to wheat, tobacco and carrot E2Fs. Sequence analysis reveals that AtE2F1 and AtE2F3 are closely related to previously identified plant E2Fs, whereas AtE2F2 is related to human E2F6 and Drosophila dE2F2 which are unusual in lacking transcriptional activation potential. Consistent with this, we show that AtE2F1 and AtE2F3 activate transcription in yeast cells and bind a plant Rb protein, but AtE2F2 cannot activate transcription or bind Rb. Consensus E2F-binding sites were identified in promoters of several cell cycle related genes, including the D-type cyclin CycD3 and the Arabidopsis homologue of the replication origin protein CDC6. Accumulation of AtE2F1-3 was observed in partially synchronised Arabidopsis cells re-entering the cell cycle, before induction of CycD3 and CDC6 expression in late G1. AtE2F1 complexes bound to consensus E2F sequences and to the AtCDC6 promoter in vitro. We conclude that Arabidopsis contains a family of functionally distinct E2F genes, most probably involved in the G1-to-S phase progression.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera