Western-blot analysis was used to determine the contents of aquaporin isoforms MIP A, MIP B, and MIP C in cell membranes isolated from roots and leaves of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum plants with C3 and Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) types of photosynthesis. These membrane preparations were also used to assess osmotic water permeability; to this end, the rate of osmotic vesicle shrinking was registered as the light scattering intensity by the method of stopped flow. The cell membranes represented by the plasmalemma and the tonoplast-enriched fraction were obtained by separating the microsomes in a two-phase polymer system. Plant transition from C3 to CAM-photosynthesis occurred in the course of plant development or was induced by salinization. All three isoforms under study were found in the plasma membranes of roots and leaves of the C3 plants, whereas in the CAM plants, independent of the transition-inducing factor, the aquaporin contents notably decreased in the leaf membranes and remained unchanged in the roots. In the membranes isolated from roots and leaves of the C3 plants, the values of osmotic water permeability exceeded two–threefold the corresponding indices characteristic of the CAM plants. The authors believe that aquaporin isoforms in M. crystallinum are under the organ- and tissue-specific control.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 23, 2004
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