The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of surgical laparoscopic operation course on laparoscopic operation skills after the simulated training for medical students with relatively objective results via data gained before and after the practice course of laparoscopic simulator of the resident standardized trainees. Experiment 1: 20 resident standardized trainees with no experience in laparoscopic surgery were included in the inexperienced group and finished simulated cholecystectomy according to simulator videos. Simulator data was collected (total operation time, path length, average speed of instrument movement, movement efficiency, number of perforations, the time cautery is applied without appropriate contact with adhesions, number of serious complications). Ten attending doctors were included in the experienced group and conducted the operation of simulated cholecystectomy directly. Data was collected with simulator. Data of two groups was compared. Experiment 2: Participants in inexperienced group were assigned to basic group (receiving 8 items of basic operation training) and special group (receiving 8 items of basic operation training and 4 items of specialized training), and 10 persons for each group. They received training course designed by us respectively. After training level had reached the expected target, simulated cholecystectomy was performed, and data was collected. Experimental data between basic group and special group was compared and then data between special group and experienced group was compared. Results of experiment 1 showed that there is significant difference between data in inexperienced group in which participants operated simulated cholecystectomy only according to instructors’ teaching and operation video and data in experienced group. Result of experiment 2 suggested that, total operation time, number of perforations, number of serious complications, number of non-cauterized bleeding and the time cautery is applied without appropriate contact with adhesions in special group were all superior to those in basic group. There was no statistical difference on other data between special group and basic group. Comparing special group with experienced group, data of total operation time and the time cautery is applied without appropriate contact with adhesions in experienced group was superior to that in special group. There was no statistical difference on other data between special group and experienced group. Laparoscopic simulators are effective for surgical skills training. Basic courses could mainly improve operator’s hand-eye coordination and perception of sense of the insertion depth for instruments. Specialized training courses could not only improve operator’s familiarity with surgeries, but also reduce operation time and risk, and improve safety.
Indian Journal of Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 18, 2016
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