The flow over a two-dimensional double compression ramp configuration is investigated by means of schlieren visualization, quantitative infrared thermography and particle image velocimetry (PIV) in a short-duration facility producing a free-stream flow at Mach 7. The study focuses upon the accuracy assessment of PIV in the hypersonic flow regime including flow facility effects such as repeatability of test conditions. The solid tracer particles are characterized by means of electron microscopy as well as by measuring the dynamic response across a planar oblique shock wave with PIV. The experiments display a strong variation in the light scattering intensity of the seeded flow over the flow field, due to the large flow compressibility. The mean velocity spatial distribution allows to clearly identify the shock pattern and the main features of the flow downstream of the shocks. However, the spatial resolution is insufficient to determine the wall flow properties. Furthermore the velocity data obtained with the PIV technique allow the determination of the spatial distribution of the Mach number under the hypothesis of adiabatic flow. The double ramp configuration with a variable second compression angle exhibits shock–shock interactions of Edney type VI or V for the lowest and highest ramp angle, respectively. A single heat transfer peak is detected with infrared thermography on the second ramp in case of a type VI interaction while for the type V shock interaction a double heat transfer peak is found. Shock wave angles measured with PIV are in good agreement with theory and the overall flow topology is consistent with schlieren visualization. Also in this respect the results are in agreement with compressible flow theory.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 26, 2006
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