Methodological aspects concerning the application of the PIV technique to the study of turbulent flames are discussed in this paper. The physical features of the flow, which have implications for the experimental set-up, image processing and measurement accuracy are identified. Design considerations are developed focusing on several factors: spatial resolution, particle performance, seeding technique, image formation and recording, and image post-processing for the evaluation of the displacement. Relevant uncertainty concerns are related to the effect of the thermophoretic force, acting on a seeding particle while crossing the flame front, and to the non-homogeneity and time-dependence of the refractive index field. The uncertainty due to thermophoresis is assessed by numerically studying the motion of a particle crossing a reference temperature profile. The effect of the refractive index variation is evaluated by means of theoretical analysis of light propagation and image formation, supported by experimental tests designed for this special purpose.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 6, 2001
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