APPLICATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGIES
IN THE AVIATION AND SPACE INDUSTRY
V. V. Vikulin
and I. L. Shkarupa
Translated from Novye Ogneupory, No. 5, pp. 38 – 40, May, 2011.
Original article submitted February 11, 2011.
Trends in research performed by FGUP ONPP Tekhnologiya in the area of nanotechnologies are described.
Results of developments have been introduced into the manufacture of articles in the aviation and rocket and
space industries as well as new thermal insulation materials (TIM-MP) which may be employed in steel and
alloy casting units and in industrial furnaces.
Keywords: nanotechnologies, nanocoatings, solid electrolytes, nanomodified carbon-fiber–reinforced plas-
tic, TIM-MP thermal insulation material
For more than 15 years FGUP ONPP Tekhnologiya has
conducted studies in the area of nanotechnology and has now
achieved major practical results that have been introduced
into the manufacture of products for the aviation and rocket
and space industries as well as for other purposes and the
characteristics of these products have been substantially im-
proved. Studies have been performed in a number of areas.
The first area of study in the field of nanotechnology is
the creation of thin film coatings for structural and instru-
ment optical equipment. The physical principle in the regula-
tion of the optical properties of articles by means of modifi-
cation of their surface entails the use of the process of inter-
ference of electromagnetic waves. In most cases the coatings
of optical filters are of a thickness that is a multiple of a
one-fourth of the wavelength of radiation which we wish to
reduce to a required level. For the visible band of radiation
this is in the range 10 – 125 nm. Different types of optical
light filters may be created by varying the number of layers
with different indices of refraction and different thicknesses
of these layers.
A group at ONPP Tekhnologiya has developed an indus-
trial technology for use in application of glazing made of sili-
cate and organic glass to articles through the use of the
method of cathode magnetron sputtering of multifunctional
nanocoatings 3–10 nm in thickness (Fig. 1). This has made it
possible to achieve a 3 – 4-fold reduction in the action of
electromagnetic radiation on staff personnel and instrument
equipment, a 40% attenuation in the thermal flux of solar ra
diation in the range of wavelengths 0.9 – 2.5 mm, improve
optical and anti-flash properties through a decrease in the
reflectance from the surface of glass in the visible band of
wavelengths from 400 to 740 nm, and substantially increase
the abrasive resistance and silver and moisture resistance as
well as the thermal stability of the optical and strength char-
acteristics of glazing. Glazing articles with the newly devel-
oped coatings have been incorporated into new aircraft mod-
els (MiG-29K, Su-ZOMKI, Su-35, and the Ansat and Ka-62
helicopters). The capabilities of nanocoatings will grow with
the development of a technology for the creation of increas-
ingly thinner layers for an ever-widening range of materials.
The first successful experiments in the creation of pack-
ing material with a nanocoating of particular substances that
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 52, No. 3, September, 2011
1083-4877/11/05203-0199 © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
FGUP ONPP Tekhnologiya, Obninsk, Kaluga District, Russia.
Fig. 1. Chamber for sputtering of nanofilms.