The DNase express test system and the SF-bioassay (sea urchin sperm fertilization bioassay) were used to assess the quality of sea and bottom sediment water sampled at 8 stations of the Troitsa Bay (Possyet Bay, Sea of Japan). The specific activities of 8 enzymes (alkaline and acid DNases, RNases, phosphatases and phosphodiesterases) were determined for the liver and gill tissues of the mussel Crenomytilus grayanus sampled at the same stations. The activities of all enzymes were higher in the liver than in the gills, and the activity of acid nucleases in both tissues was significantly higher than that of alkaline nucleases. The specific activities of some nucleases in the mussel tissues correlated to the level of seawater pollution. The activities of acid RNases and phosphodiesterases decreased in both tissues upon an increase in water pollution, up to 1.5–3 times in the gills, while the activities of alkaline and acid phosphatases and phosphodiesterases increased 1.5–4 times. Thus, the specific activities of acid RNases, phosphatases and phosphodiesterases from mussel liver can be a useful indicator of marine pollution. This approach can be used for biotesting of ocean water and for assessment of the biological condition of invertebrates adapting to various ecological and anthropogenic effects.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2007
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