Application of a Simple Quantitative Assessment of Atherosclerotic Lesions in Freshly Isolated Aortas from Rabbits

Application of a Simple Quantitative Assessment of Atherosclerotic Lesions in Freshly Isolated... Rabbits are widely used for the study of atherosclerosis; however, the lack of a unified and quantitative analysis of atheroma limits data interpretation and comparisons between laboratories. In this study, we applied a simple quantitative method, referred to as the oil red O (ORO) dye-eluting method, for analysis of atherosclerotic plaques in freshly isolated aortas. It employs ORO staining of the plaques followed by elution of the dye that is subjected to quantitative measurement. Atherosclerosis was induced in rabbits by feeding a 1% (w/w) high cholesterol diet for 4 or 12 weeks. Thoracic aortas were isolated and sufficiently stained by ORO. These dyes were easily and completely extracted by 100% ethanol and quantified by spectrophotometric measurement at 510 nm. A series of cross-sectional slices at 100-µm intervals were counterstained by elastic van Gieson. It was found that there was a highly positive correlation between the dye concentration and the amount of plaque tissue, determined as volume of plaques (regression coefficient r 2 : 0.8792, p < 0.001). The color equivalence of the dye content was expressed as µg/mm2 of intimal aorta area to allow direct comparisons among aortas. The color equivalences of ORO content in rabbits fed 12 weeks were almost 5.0 times higher than those fed 4 weeks. Thus, this ORO dye-eluting method is useful for quantification of atherosclerotic plaques in aortas in rabbits, as well as other animal models. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cardiovascular Toxicology Springer Journals

Application of a Simple Quantitative Assessment of Atherosclerotic Lesions in Freshly Isolated Aortas from Rabbits

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/application-of-a-simple-quantitative-assessment-of-atherosclerotic-rV6wtmR3qm
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Cardiology
ISSN
1530-7905
eISSN
1559-0259
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12012-018-9465-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rabbits are widely used for the study of atherosclerosis; however, the lack of a unified and quantitative analysis of atheroma limits data interpretation and comparisons between laboratories. In this study, we applied a simple quantitative method, referred to as the oil red O (ORO) dye-eluting method, for analysis of atherosclerotic plaques in freshly isolated aortas. It employs ORO staining of the plaques followed by elution of the dye that is subjected to quantitative measurement. Atherosclerosis was induced in rabbits by feeding a 1% (w/w) high cholesterol diet for 4 or 12 weeks. Thoracic aortas were isolated and sufficiently stained by ORO. These dyes were easily and completely extracted by 100% ethanol and quantified by spectrophotometric measurement at 510 nm. A series of cross-sectional slices at 100-µm intervals were counterstained by elastic van Gieson. It was found that there was a highly positive correlation between the dye concentration and the amount of plaque tissue, determined as volume of plaques (regression coefficient r 2 : 0.8792, p < 0.001). The color equivalence of the dye content was expressed as µg/mm2 of intimal aorta area to allow direct comparisons among aortas. The color equivalences of ORO content in rabbits fed 12 weeks were almost 5.0 times higher than those fed 4 weeks. Thus, this ORO dye-eluting method is useful for quantification of atherosclerotic plaques in aortas in rabbits, as well as other animal models.

Journal

Cardiovascular ToxicologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off