Appendicular fracture epidemiology of children and adolescents: a 10-year case review in Western Australia (2005 to 2015)

Appendicular fracture epidemiology of children and adolescents: a 10-year case review in Western... Summary Fracture incidence data of Australian children and adolescents have not been reported in the literature. A 10-year case review of fracture presentations in Western Australia is provided. Between 2005 and 2015, fracture incidence increased relative to population growth. This is concerning, and interventions are required to reverse this trend. Purpose Fracture incidence in 0–16-year-olds is high and varies between countries. Boys have a 1.5:1 ratio of fracture incidence compared to girls. There are no specific data for Australia. Western Australia is a state with unique geography and population distribution having only a single tertiary paediatric hospital (Princess Margaret Hospital, PMH, in Perth) managing the majority of children and adolescents with fractures in the Emergency Department (ED). The aims of this study were to characterise fracture presentations to PMH-ED and compare the incidence to population data. Methods A database audit of fracture presentations between 2005 and 2015 for fracture rates with a sub-analysis for gender, fracture site and age and a comparison to Perth Metropolitan and Western Australian population data was performed. Results Analysis included 31,340 presentations. Fracture incidence, adjusted for the annual population size, increased from 0.63% in 2005 to 0.85% in 2015 (p < 0.001). The month http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Osteoporosis Springer Journals

Appendicular fracture epidemiology of children and adolescents: a 10-year case review in Western Australia (2005 to 2015)

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Orthopedics; Endocrinology
ISSN
1862-3522
eISSN
1862-3514
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11657-018-0478-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Summary Fracture incidence data of Australian children and adolescents have not been reported in the literature. A 10-year case review of fracture presentations in Western Australia is provided. Between 2005 and 2015, fracture incidence increased relative to population growth. This is concerning, and interventions are required to reverse this trend. Purpose Fracture incidence in 0–16-year-olds is high and varies between countries. Boys have a 1.5:1 ratio of fracture incidence compared to girls. There are no specific data for Australia. Western Australia is a state with unique geography and population distribution having only a single tertiary paediatric hospital (Princess Margaret Hospital, PMH, in Perth) managing the majority of children and adolescents with fractures in the Emergency Department (ED). The aims of this study were to characterise fracture presentations to PMH-ED and compare the incidence to population data. Methods A database audit of fracture presentations between 2005 and 2015 for fracture rates with a sub-analysis for gender, fracture site and age and a comparison to Perth Metropolitan and Western Australian population data was performed. Results Analysis included 31,340 presentations. Fracture incidence, adjusted for the annual population size, increased from 0.63% in 2005 to 0.85% in 2015 (p < 0.001). The month

Journal

Archives of OsteoporosisSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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