Apoptosis in developing anthers and the role of ABA in this process during androgenesis in Hordeum vulgare L.

Apoptosis in developing anthers and the role of ABA in this process during androgenesis in... Intra-nucleosomal cleavage of DNA into fragments of about 200 bp was demonstrated to occur in developing anthers, in which microspores had developed into the mid-late to late uni-nucleate stage in situ, i.e. at the verge of mitosis. The same was observed, but to a much larger extent, if these anthers were pre- treated by a hyper-osmotic shock. Pretreatment of anthers before the actual culture of microspores was required for optimal androgenesis of microspores. The use of the TUNEL reaction, which specifically labels 3′ ends of DNA breaks, after intra-nucleosomal cleavage of DNA, revealed that DNA fragmentation mainly occurred in the loculus wall cells, tapetum cells and filament cells. TUNEL staining was absent or infrequently observed in the microspores of developing anthers in situ. Electron microscopy studies showed condensed chromatin in nuclei of loculus wall cells in the developing anthers. These observations at the chromatin and DNA level are known characteristics of programmed cell death, also known as apoptosis. Features of apoptosis were infrequently found in microspores from freshly isolated mature anthers. However, most tapetum cells had disappeared in these anthers and the remaining cell structures showed loss of cellular content. The viability of microspores in pre-treated anthers was comparable to those in freshly isolated anthers and almost four times higher than in anthers from control experiments. This observation was correlated with three to four times less microspores showing TUNEL staining and a two times higher level of ABA in the anther plus medium samples than in controls. Addition of ABA to the controls enhanced the viability and lowered the occurrence of apoptosis linked characteristics in the microspores. These data suggest that pre-treatment is effective in stimulating androgenesis because it leads to an increase in ABA levels which protects microspores from dying by apoptosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Apoptosis in developing anthers and the role of ABA in this process during androgenesis in Hordeum vulgare L.

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/apoptosis-in-developing-anthers-and-the-role-of-aba-in-this-process-NpOVaH2dz0
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006198431596
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Intra-nucleosomal cleavage of DNA into fragments of about 200 bp was demonstrated to occur in developing anthers, in which microspores had developed into the mid-late to late uni-nucleate stage in situ, i.e. at the verge of mitosis. The same was observed, but to a much larger extent, if these anthers were pre- treated by a hyper-osmotic shock. Pretreatment of anthers before the actual culture of microspores was required for optimal androgenesis of microspores. The use of the TUNEL reaction, which specifically labels 3′ ends of DNA breaks, after intra-nucleosomal cleavage of DNA, revealed that DNA fragmentation mainly occurred in the loculus wall cells, tapetum cells and filament cells. TUNEL staining was absent or infrequently observed in the microspores of developing anthers in situ. Electron microscopy studies showed condensed chromatin in nuclei of loculus wall cells in the developing anthers. These observations at the chromatin and DNA level are known characteristics of programmed cell death, also known as apoptosis. Features of apoptosis were infrequently found in microspores from freshly isolated mature anthers. However, most tapetum cells had disappeared in these anthers and the remaining cell structures showed loss of cellular content. The viability of microspores in pre-treated anthers was comparable to those in freshly isolated anthers and almost four times higher than in anthers from control experiments. This observation was correlated with three to four times less microspores showing TUNEL staining and a two times higher level of ABA in the anther plus medium samples than in controls. Addition of ABA to the controls enhanced the viability and lowered the occurrence of apoptosis linked characteristics in the microspores. These data suggest that pre-treatment is effective in stimulating androgenesis because it leads to an increase in ABA levels which protects microspores from dying by apoptosis.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off