Apoplastic hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion exhibited different regulatory functions in salt-induced oxidative stress in wheat leaves

Apoplastic hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion exhibited different regulatory functions in... The present work aimed to investigate the mechanisms of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generations and to explore their roles in the regulation of antioxidative responses in the wheat leaves under salinity. Except for an insignificant change of NO content and nitrate reductase (NR) activity due to 50 mM NaCl, NO, •- • hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion (O ), hydroxyl radical ( OH), chlorophyll and malondialdehyde content, as well as activities of nitric oxide synthase, NR, peroxidases (POD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase rose in response to different NaCl concentrations. Meanwhile, leaf superoxide dismutase activity lowered only at 50 mM NaCl. NaCl- stimulatory effects on NO content as well as POD and CAT activities could be partly alleviated by the application of 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetrame-thylimidazoline-3-oxide-1-oxyl (PTIO, NO scavenger), exogenous CAT, or diphenylene iodonium (DPI, NADPH oxidase inhibitor). Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (native-PAGE) also showed that the amount of POD (especially POD4, POD5, and POD7) and CAT (especially CAT1, CAT2, and CAT3) isozymes increased with increasing salinity but decreased by application of PTIO, CAT, or DPI. Furthermore, histochemical •- staining showed a similar change of O generation. In addition, the inhibition of diamineoxidase (DAO), polyamine oxidase (PAO), and cell http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biologia Plantarum Springer Journals

Apoplastic hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion exhibited different regulatory functions in salt-induced oxidative stress in wheat leaves

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/apoplastic-hydrogen-peroxide-and-superoxide-anion-exhibited-different-LtvtJ1OnuW
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Institute of Experimental Botany
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0006-3134
eISSN
1573-8264
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10535-018-0808-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present work aimed to investigate the mechanisms of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generations and to explore their roles in the regulation of antioxidative responses in the wheat leaves under salinity. Except for an insignificant change of NO content and nitrate reductase (NR) activity due to 50 mM NaCl, NO, •- • hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion (O ), hydroxyl radical ( OH), chlorophyll and malondialdehyde content, as well as activities of nitric oxide synthase, NR, peroxidases (POD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase rose in response to different NaCl concentrations. Meanwhile, leaf superoxide dismutase activity lowered only at 50 mM NaCl. NaCl- stimulatory effects on NO content as well as POD and CAT activities could be partly alleviated by the application of 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetrame-thylimidazoline-3-oxide-1-oxyl (PTIO, NO scavenger), exogenous CAT, or diphenylene iodonium (DPI, NADPH oxidase inhibitor). Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (native-PAGE) also showed that the amount of POD (especially POD4, POD5, and POD7) and CAT (especially CAT1, CAT2, and CAT3) isozymes increased with increasing salinity but decreased by application of PTIO, CAT, or DPI. Furthermore, histochemical •- staining showed a similar change of O generation. In addition, the inhibition of diamineoxidase (DAO), polyamine oxidase (PAO), and cell

Journal

Biologia PlantarumSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off