Recent studies have shown that the sensitivity of apamin-sensitive K+ current (I KAS, mediated by apamin-sensitive small conductance calcium-activated potassium channels subunits) to intracellular Ca2+ is increased in heart failure (HF), leading to I KAS upregulation, action potential duration shortening, early after depolarization, and recurrent spontaneous ventricular fibrillation. We hypothesized that casein kinase 2 (CK2) interacted with small conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (SK) is decreased in HF, and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is increased on the opposite, upregulating the sensitivity of I KAS to intracellular Ca2+ in HF. Rat model of volume-overload HF was established by an abdominal arteriovenous fistula procedure. The expression of SK channels, PP2A and CK2 was detected by Western blot analysis. Interaction and colocalization of CK2 with SK channel were detected by co-immunoprecipitation analysis and double immunofluorescence staining. In HF rat left ventricle, SK3 was increased by 100 % (P < 0.05), and SK2 was not significantly changed. PP2A protein was increased by 94.7 % in HF rats (P < 0.05), whereas the level of CK2 was almost unchanged. We found that CK2 colocalized with SK2 and SK3 in rat left ventricle. With anti-CK2α antibody, SK2 and SK3 were immunoprecipitated, the level of precipitated SK2 decreased by half, whereas precipitated SK3 was almost unchanged. In conclusion, the increased expression of total PP2A and decreased interaction of CK2 with SK2 may underlie enhanced sensitivity of I KAS to intracellular Ca2+ in volume-overload HF rat.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 11, 2015
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