The responses of the cyanobacteria Nostoc ellipsosporum and Nostoc piscinale to salt stress during various growth stages were studied. Nostoc ellipsosporum was more NaCl tolerant and attained more biomass under salinity than N. piscinale.Accumulation of proline was detected in N. ellipsosporum under salinity stress. Malondialdehyde content decreased in both species on day 9 (mid log phase) under salt stress. A similar trend was detected in hydrogen peroxide (H O )content in N. ellipsosporum. Strong 2 2 induction in catalase (CAT) activity was observed in N. ellipsosporum on day 9 in the presence of salt. The increase in CAT activity of N. piscinale was observed only at higher concentrations of NaCl. In contrast to N. ellipsosporum, induction in peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activities on day 9 was stronger in N. piscinale. Salinity enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and PPO activity in N. ellipsosporum at all growth stages. Moreover, different isoforms of CAT and SOD were detected in these cyanobacteria. Apparently, selection pressure in these cyanobacteria has led to the evolution of SODs and CATs as the main antioxidant enzymes against reactive oxygen species. Phycobiliprotein content in N. ellipsosporum under all conditions was significantly higher than that in N. piscinale. NaCl
Journal of Applied Phycology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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