Antioxidant Defenses in Fish: Biotic and Abiotic Factors

Antioxidant Defenses in Fish: Biotic and Abiotic Factors Oxygen in its molecular state O2, is essential for many metabolic processes that are vital to aerobic life. Aerobic organisms cannot exist without oxygen, which nevertheless is inherently dangerous to their lives. Like all aerobic organisms, fish are also susceptible to the effects of reactive oxygen and have inherent and effective antioxidant defenses that are well described in the literature. This review investigates the influence of different biotic and abiotic factors (age, phylogenetic position, feeding behavior, environmental factors, oxygen, temperature, presence of xenobiotics) on antioxidant defenses in fish. Studies of antioxidant activity in fish open a number of novel research lines providing greater knowledge of fish physiology, which will benefit various aspects of fish farming and artificial production. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries Springer Journals

Antioxidant Defenses in Fish: Biotic and Abiotic Factors

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Zoology
ISSN
0960-3166
eISSN
1573-5184
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11160-005-7846-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Oxygen in its molecular state O2, is essential for many metabolic processes that are vital to aerobic life. Aerobic organisms cannot exist without oxygen, which nevertheless is inherently dangerous to their lives. Like all aerobic organisms, fish are also susceptible to the effects of reactive oxygen and have inherent and effective antioxidant defenses that are well described in the literature. This review investigates the influence of different biotic and abiotic factors (age, phylogenetic position, feeding behavior, environmental factors, oxygen, temperature, presence of xenobiotics) on antioxidant defenses in fish. Studies of antioxidant activity in fish open a number of novel research lines providing greater knowledge of fish physiology, which will benefit various aspects of fish farming and artificial production.

Journal

Reviews in Fish Biology and FisheriesSpringer Journals

Published: May 24, 2005

References

  • Induction of hepatic antioxidants in freshwater catfish (Channa punctatus Bloch.) is a biomarker of paper mill effluent exposure
    Ahmad, I.; Hamid, T.; Fatima, M.; Chand, H.S.; Jain, S.K.; Athar, M.; Raisuddin, S.
  • Enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants as an adaptation to phagocyte-induced damage in Anguilla anguilla L. following in situ harbor water exposure
    Ahmad, I.; Pacheco, M.; Santos, M.A.
  • The use of the oxidative stress responses as biomarkers in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to in vivo cadmium contamination
    Almeida, J.A.; Diniz, Y.S.; Marques, S.F.G.; Faine, L.A.; Ribas, B.O.; Burneiko, R.C.; Novelli, E.L.B.
  • Cadmium-induced antioxidant defense mechanism in freshwater teleost Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia)
    Basha, P.S.; Rani, A.U.

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