The Cux-1 isolate of chicken anaemia virus (CAV), which had received 310 (P310) cell culture passages, was substantially less pathogenic than virus that had been passaged 13 times (P13). Molecularly cloned virus isolates, selected from the P310 and P13 virus populations using recombinant DNA cloning and transfection procedures, reacted differently with 4 CAV-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), which had been raised to low-passage Cux-1 virus. In contrast to the strong immunofluorescence (IF) reactivities exhibited by all P13 cloned isolates tested, 80% and 57% of the P310 cloned isolates reacted weakly with MAbs 2A9 and 4H4, which are directed against conformational epitopes on the capsid protein, VP1. Sequence analysis of the VP1 coding regions possessed by ten P310 and two P13 cloned isolates showed that 6 amino acid changes within VP1 had been selected by multiple-cell culture passage. One of these at position 89 in VP1 appeared to be crucial for determining reactivity with MAb 2A9. Of nine P310 cloned isolates evaluated, 8 were substantially attenuated compared to the low-passage Cux-1 virus pool. It is concluded that the individual virus variants comprising the P310 virus pool differ with regards to their antigenicity and pathogenicity.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 1999
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