Antigenic and sequence heterogeneity of infectious bursal disease virus strains isolated in Australia

Antigenic and sequence heterogeneity of infectious bursal disease virus strains isolated in... Six recently isolated field strains of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) were compared to vaccine strains at the antigenic and genetic level to ascertain the level of heterogeneity among Australian IBDV strains. Five strains, 01/94, 02/95, 03/95, 04/95 and 08/95, isolated at four locations in the state of Victoria, were antigenic variants. They failed to react with monoclonal antibodies directed against two different epitopes on the VP2 protein which were present in vaccine strains and one field isolate (06/95) from the state of New South Wales. Serum neutralization tests confirmed that these strains were antigenic variants as they were of a different subtype to that of vaccine strains. Sequence comparison of the hypervariable region of the VP2 proteins showed that the five Victorian strains had between 13 and 16 amino acid substitutions in comparison with vaccine strains. Four to six of these substitutions were in the two hydrophilic domains previously identified as being of importance in the formation of protective virus neutralizing antibodies. Comparison of these five variants to those isolated previously in the USA revealed little similarity at both the antigenic and genetic level. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Australian IBDV strains belong to a separate and distinct genetic group which is considerably heterogeneous. Overall the results indicate that the current Australian IBDV situation resembles that seen in the USA, with the existence of classical and variant IBDV strains, but neither the classical nor the variant strains found in Australia are closely related to those prevalent in the USA. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Antigenic and sequence heterogeneity of infectious bursal disease virus strains isolated in Australia

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/antigenic-and-sequence-heterogeneity-of-infectious-bursal-disease-bcp6NbwhDL
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050670
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Six recently isolated field strains of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) were compared to vaccine strains at the antigenic and genetic level to ascertain the level of heterogeneity among Australian IBDV strains. Five strains, 01/94, 02/95, 03/95, 04/95 and 08/95, isolated at four locations in the state of Victoria, were antigenic variants. They failed to react with monoclonal antibodies directed against two different epitopes on the VP2 protein which were present in vaccine strains and one field isolate (06/95) from the state of New South Wales. Serum neutralization tests confirmed that these strains were antigenic variants as they were of a different subtype to that of vaccine strains. Sequence comparison of the hypervariable region of the VP2 proteins showed that the five Victorian strains had between 13 and 16 amino acid substitutions in comparison with vaccine strains. Four to six of these substitutions were in the two hydrophilic domains previously identified as being of importance in the formation of protective virus neutralizing antibodies. Comparison of these five variants to those isolated previously in the USA revealed little similarity at both the antigenic and genetic level. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Australian IBDV strains belong to a separate and distinct genetic group which is considerably heterogeneous. Overall the results indicate that the current Australian IBDV situation resembles that seen in the USA, with the existence of classical and variant IBDV strains, but neither the classical nor the variant strains found in Australia are closely related to those prevalent in the USA.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2000

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off