Antibiotic resistance in E. coli isolates from patients with urinary tract infections presenting to the emergency department

Antibiotic resistance in E. coli isolates from patients with urinary tract infections presenting... Purpose Escherichia coli urine isolates from patients presenting to the emergency department at a German tertiary care hospital were retrospectively analyzed from January 2015–March 2017 to determine antibiotic resistance patterns and patient risk factors for resistance. Methods Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) was defined as UTI in the otherwise healthy patient without relevant co-morbidities and complications. Patients were assumed to have UTI if diagnosis was made by the attending physician with conclusive dipstick results. For subgroup analysis, only patients with symptoms suggestive for UTI documented in their records were included. Results 228 patients with a UTI diagnosed by the attending physician with E. coli isolated in urine culture were included. 154/228 patients had documented symptomatic UTI, 57/154 had uncomplicated infection, 76/154 patients had cystitis, and 124/154 were female. Resistance rates of uncomplicated UTI in symptomatic patients were: ciprofloxacin 10.5%, cot - rimoxazole 15.8%, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 5.3%, nitrofurantoin 0% (CLSI MICs). Previous hospitalization in the last 3 months (including patients living in a long-term care facility) was significantly correlated with resistance to ciprofloxacin, cotrimoxazole and amoxicillin/clav. Previous hospitalization was a strong predictor of resistance to ciprofloxacin and cot - rimoxazole in multivariate analysis also. Other risk factors correlated with resistance were http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Infection Springer Journals

Antibiotic resistance in E. coli isolates from patients with urinary tract infections presenting to the emergency department

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/antibiotic-resistance-in-e-coli-isolates-from-patients-with-urinary-yXYa6aqW1x
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases; General Practice / Family Medicine; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0300-8126
eISSN
1439-0973
D.O.I.
10.1007/s15010-018-1117-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Escherichia coli urine isolates from patients presenting to the emergency department at a German tertiary care hospital were retrospectively analyzed from January 2015–March 2017 to determine antibiotic resistance patterns and patient risk factors for resistance. Methods Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) was defined as UTI in the otherwise healthy patient without relevant co-morbidities and complications. Patients were assumed to have UTI if diagnosis was made by the attending physician with conclusive dipstick results. For subgroup analysis, only patients with symptoms suggestive for UTI documented in their records were included. Results 228 patients with a UTI diagnosed by the attending physician with E. coli isolated in urine culture were included. 154/228 patients had documented symptomatic UTI, 57/154 had uncomplicated infection, 76/154 patients had cystitis, and 124/154 were female. Resistance rates of uncomplicated UTI in symptomatic patients were: ciprofloxacin 10.5%, cot - rimoxazole 15.8%, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 5.3%, nitrofurantoin 0% (CLSI MICs). Previous hospitalization in the last 3 months (including patients living in a long-term care facility) was significantly correlated with resistance to ciprofloxacin, cotrimoxazole and amoxicillin/clav. Previous hospitalization was a strong predictor of resistance to ciprofloxacin and cot - rimoxazole in multivariate analysis also. Other risk factors correlated with resistance were

Journal

InfectionSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 24, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off