Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Induced Dermatological Complications in a Large Cohort of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients

Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Induced Dermatological Complications in a Large Cohort of... Background/Aims The broader use of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been associated with a high rate of adverse reactions. Dermatological complications are among the most common adverse events. We assessed the incidence, risk factors, management, and outcome of anti-TNF-induced dermatological complica- tions in a large cohort of IBD patients. Methods This was an observational retrospective study at a single tertiary referral center. All consecutive adult IBD patients treated with anti-TNF agents between 2005 and 2015 were identified. Patients who developed at least one dermatological complication while on anti-TNF therapy were included. Results From the 732 patients treated with anti-TNF agents, 211 (29%) developed at least one dermatological complication: 52% women (mean age of 42 ± 13 years), 85% with Crohn’s disease, 67% were under infliximab. Median follow-up time under anti-TNF therapy was 53 (27–77) months. Dermatological complications recorded were: infections (13.5%), psori- asiform lesions (5.3%), injection/infusion reactions (3.8%), skin cancer (0.5%), and miscellaneous (5.6%). Overall, female gender (OR = 1.658, p = 0.029), smoking (OR = 2.021, p = 0.003), and treatment with an infliximab dose of 10 mg/kg (OR = 2.012, p = 0.007) were independent risk factors for dermatological complications in multivariable analysis. Female gender (OR = 3.63, p = 0.017), smoking (OR = 2.846, p = 0.041), and treatment with adalimumab (OR = 8.894, p < 0.001) were http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Digestive Diseases and Sciences Springer Journals

Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-α-Induced Dermatological Complications in a Large Cohort of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-induced-dermatological-complications-in-a-LN2mUOmF0H
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Gastroenterology; Hepatology; Oncology; Transplant Surgery; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0163-2116
eISSN
1573-2568
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10620-018-4921-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background/Aims The broader use of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been associated with a high rate of adverse reactions. Dermatological complications are among the most common adverse events. We assessed the incidence, risk factors, management, and outcome of anti-TNF-induced dermatological complica- tions in a large cohort of IBD patients. Methods This was an observational retrospective study at a single tertiary referral center. All consecutive adult IBD patients treated with anti-TNF agents between 2005 and 2015 were identified. Patients who developed at least one dermatological complication while on anti-TNF therapy were included. Results From the 732 patients treated with anti-TNF agents, 211 (29%) developed at least one dermatological complication: 52% women (mean age of 42 ± 13 years), 85% with Crohn’s disease, 67% were under infliximab. Median follow-up time under anti-TNF therapy was 53 (27–77) months. Dermatological complications recorded were: infections (13.5%), psori- asiform lesions (5.3%), injection/infusion reactions (3.8%), skin cancer (0.5%), and miscellaneous (5.6%). Overall, female gender (OR = 1.658, p = 0.029), smoking (OR = 2.021, p = 0.003), and treatment with an infliximab dose of 10 mg/kg (OR = 2.012, p = 0.007) were independent risk factors for dermatological complications in multivariable analysis. Female gender (OR = 3.63, p = 0.017), smoking (OR = 2.846, p = 0.041), and treatment with adalimumab (OR = 8.894, p < 0.001) were

Journal

Digestive Diseases and SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 18, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off