Anti-endotoxin mechanism of the KW4 peptide in inflammation in RAW 264.7 cells induced by LTA and drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 1630

Anti-endotoxin mechanism of the KW4 peptide in inflammation in RAW 264.7 cells induced by LTA and... Drug-resistant microorganism infections cause serious disease and can lead to mortality and morbidity. In particular, Staphylococcus aureus induces pyrogenic and toxigenic infections, and drug-resistance occurs rapidly. Multidrug-resistant S. aureus, such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, can also cause immunodeficiency and immune deficiency syndrome from lipoteichoic acid. However, antimicrobial peptides, such as KW4, have strong antimicrobial activity, low cytotoxicity, and high neutralization activity against endotoxin substances from Gram-negative bacteria. The objective of this study was to use a synthetic KW4 antimicrobial peptide to evaluate the inhibition of drug-resistance development, antimicrobial activity, and neutralizing activity in S. aureus Gram-positive bacteria. The KW4 peptide showed strong antimicrobial activity against drug-resistant S. aureus strains and significantly increased the anti-neutralizing activity of lipoteichoic acid in S. aureus 1630 drug-resistant bacteria. In addition, S. aureus ATCC 29213 did not develop resistance to KW4 as with other antibiotic drugs. These results suggest that the KW4 peptide is an effective antibiotic and anti-neutralizing agent against multidrug-resistant S. aureus strains. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Amino Acids Springer Journals

Anti-endotoxin mechanism of the KW4 peptide in inflammation in RAW 264.7 cells induced by LTA and drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 1630

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Analytical Chemistry; Biochemical Engineering; Life Sciences, general; Proteomics; Neurobiology
ISSN
0939-4451
eISSN
1438-2199
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00726-017-2518-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Drug-resistant microorganism infections cause serious disease and can lead to mortality and morbidity. In particular, Staphylococcus aureus induces pyrogenic and toxigenic infections, and drug-resistance occurs rapidly. Multidrug-resistant S. aureus, such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, can also cause immunodeficiency and immune deficiency syndrome from lipoteichoic acid. However, antimicrobial peptides, such as KW4, have strong antimicrobial activity, low cytotoxicity, and high neutralization activity against endotoxin substances from Gram-negative bacteria. The objective of this study was to use a synthetic KW4 antimicrobial peptide to evaluate the inhibition of drug-resistance development, antimicrobial activity, and neutralizing activity in S. aureus Gram-positive bacteria. The KW4 peptide showed strong antimicrobial activity against drug-resistant S. aureus strains and significantly increased the anti-neutralizing activity of lipoteichoic acid in S. aureus 1630 drug-resistant bacteria. In addition, S. aureus ATCC 29213 did not develop resistance to KW4 as with other antibiotic drugs. These results suggest that the KW4 peptide is an effective antibiotic and anti-neutralizing agent against multidrug-resistant S. aureus strains.

Journal

Amino AcidsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 13, 2017

References

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