We present a new method for detection of abnormal behaviors in crowded scenes. Based on statistics of low-level feature—optical flow, which describes human movement efficiently, the motion energy model is proposed to represent the local motion pattern in the crowd. The model stresses the difference between normal and abnormal behaviors by considering sum of square differences (SSD) metric of motion information in the center block and its neighboring blocks. Meanwhile, data increasing rate is introduced to filter outliers to achieve boundary values between abnormal and normal motion patterns. In this model, an abnormal behavior is detected if the occurrence probability of anomaly is higher than a preset threshold, namely the motion energy value of its corresponding block is higher than that of the normal one. We evaluate the proposed method on two public available datasets, showing competitive performance with respect to state-of-the-art approaches not only in detection accuracy, but also in computational efficiency.
Multimedia Tools and Applications – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 14, 2017
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