1070-4272/01/7404-0649 $25.00 C 2001 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2001, pp. 649!652. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2001,
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2001 by Ergozhin, Chalov, Iskakova, Nikitina.
AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
Anion Exchangers Based on Allyl Compounds
and Some Nitrogen- and Oxygen-Containing Monomers
E. E. Ergozhin, A. K. Chalov, R. A. Iskakova, and A. I. Nikitina
Bekturov Institute of Chemical Sciences,
Ministry of Education and Science of Kazakhstan Republic, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Received December 19, 2000
Abstract-Anion exchangers containing different basic groups and having good physicochemical and sorption
properties were prepared by polycondensation of polyallylamine and various allyl halides, diglycidyl ethers
of dihydroxybenzenes, and aromatic amines with some aliphatic polyamines.
Synthesis of allyl polymers with high chemical and
thermal stability is being extensively studied .
New ion-exchange resins with high sorption capaci-
ty for transition metal ions have been prepared by
polycondensation of allyl monomers with epoxy com-
pounds. The kinetics and mechanism of reactions of
various allyl compounds have been studied and de-
scribed quantitatively . Abdusattarova et al. 
analyzed the kinetic features of radical polymerization
of diallyl monomer formed from allyl bromide and
piperidine. Pavlova et al.  studied the mechanism
of intramolecular cyclization in radical polymerization
of diallyl isophthalates, preceding gelation.
In this work, we studied the synthesis and prop-
erties of polyfunctional anion exchangers based on
polyallylamine (PAA), allyl bromide (AB), allyl chlo-
ride (AC), diglycidyl ethers of resorcinol (DGER)
and hydroquinone (DGEH), and various amines: poly-
ethylenepolyamine (PEPA), polyethylenimine (PEI),
and hexamethylenediamine (HMDA). The reaction ki-
netics were studied by polarography, IR spectroscopy,
and chemical analysis.
Diglycidyl ethers of resorcinol and hydroquinone
were prepared by the procedure described in . The
content of epoxy groups, determined by the procedure
described in , was 31.7 and 30.2%, respectively.
The anion exchangers were prepared in dimethylform-
amide (DMF) at various temperatures. The resulting
gel was cured at 803120oC. Condensation of DGER
and DGEH with PAA was performed at a temperature
of 40 to 80oC for a time ranging from 1 to 2 h. When
AG was used, the temperature and time of the reaction
were 13 324oC and 0.5 32 h. The cured polymer was
crushed and sifted, with the 0.25-mm fraction taken.
The static exchange capacity (SEC, mg-equiv g
moisture content, swellability, and chemical and ther-
mal stability of the anion exchangers were determined
by the conventional procedures .
The polarographic study was performed on a PU-1
universal polarograph. The parameter m
capillary was 4.38 mg
. As reference elec-
trode served saturated calomel electrode. As support-
ing electrolyte was used 0.02 M (C
in 50% DMF.
The IR spectra of the initial compounds and in-
termediate and final reaction products were recorded
on a Specord M 80/M 85 spectrophotometer KBr
pellets (200 mg KBr + 1 mg of a sample) or thin films
The IR spectra of DGER and DGEH contain
the bands of epoxy groups in the ranges 8503950,
120031250, and 300033100 cm
. The bands at 1424
and 1000 cm
in the spectrum of allylamine are as-
signed to the double bond of the allyl group.
No bands of epoxy groups or the double bond of
the allyl group were found in the IR spectrum of
the anion exchanger prepared from PAA, DGER, and
DGEH. The bromine number of the allylamine oligo-
mer (6.3)  also suggests the opening of the double