1070-4272/01/7411-1975$25.00C2001 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 11, 2001, pp. 1975!1976. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 11,
2001, pp. 1911!1912.
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2001 by Gidaspov, Ryzhukhin.
HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY
AND CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Andrei Egorovich Pereverzev
(to Centennial Birthday Anniversary)
In November 2001, Andrei Egorovich Pereverzev,
a prominent scientist, excellent pedagogue, talented
organizer and top manager, doctor of technical
science, professor, honored scientist and technologist
of the Russian Soviet Federative Republic and Tartar
Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, founder and
head of the chair of ammunition charging (1939!
1972), and rector of the Technological Institute
(1945!1946), would be 100.
Andrei Egorovich Pereverzev was born on Novem-
ber 29, 1901, into a poor peasant family. In 1918,
when being 17, he joined Red Army as a volunteer.
Pereverzev created a scientific school that pre-
determined the development in the field of ammuni-
tion charging for many years and developed safe
methods of formation and use of charges of various-
purpose explosives. Many leading specialists and top
industry managers were, and still are, his pupils.
In his work, Andrei Egorovich always strove for
close relation of scientific research to the practical
needs of the industry. He was a prominent scientist
possessing a creative mind of researcher and com-
bined pedagogic talent with organization abilities.
In the severe years of the World War II, Andrei
Egorovich was appointed director of the Kazan Insti-
tute of Chemical Engineering (KKhTI) and simultane-
ously supervised important scientific research of great
military value. By Andrei Egorovich’s initiative, large
workshop for charging of varied-purpose ammunition
After the war, Pereverzev, then director of LTI
im. Lensoveta (Leningrad Technological Institute),
much contributed to the reconstruction and consolida-
tion of the Institute as a scientific and pedagogical
center of Leningrad. Simultaneously, Andrei Egoro-
vich continued his scientific activities. In 1947, he
successfully backed his doctoral dissertation.
In 1926, Andrei Egorovich entered Leningrad
Technological Institute and graduated as engineer in
1934. Then he worked as deputy director of the Insti-
tute, was a post-graduate student, backed his candidate
dissertation, and, finally, organized in 1939 a chair of
technology of ammunition charging and headed it for
32 years. During this time, the chair became one of
the leading chairs of LTI im. Lensoveta. The scientific
interests of Andrei Egorovich started to take shape
under the influence of Semen Petrovich Vukolov,
professor of the Technological Institute and D.I. Men-
Under Pereversev’s supervision, blend formulations
based on high-power explosives and thermoplastic
(thermoreactive) polymers were developed and intro-
duced into practice. The formulations were used to
create charges with controllable energy and perfor-
mance characteristics. In particular, charges of unique
design and power, formed by casting under pressure,
were used for explosive pumping of chemical lasers.
The same formulations were used to create thin-
walled spherical charges and cumulative charges of
Andrei Egorovich possessed unique creative intui-
tion and was one of the first in the country to appre-
ciate the potentialities of computers, which were
widely used at his chair for calculating processes of
article fabrication and thermodynamic processes oc-
curring in explosion of explosive charges.
A particular place in this group of works is oc-