The purpose of this study was to evaluate structural and optical properties of atrial tissue from common animal models and to compare it with human atria. We aimed to do this in a format that will be useful for development of better ablation tools and/or new means for visualizing atrial lesions. Human atrial tissue from clinically relevant age group was compared and contrasted with atrial tissue of large animal models commonly available for research purposes. These included pigs, sheep, dogs and cows. The presented data include area measurements of smooth atrial surface available for ablation and estimates of thickness of collagen and muscle for five different species. We also described methods to quantify presence of collagen and overall thickness of atrial wall. Provided information enables placement of atrial lesions to locations with clinically relevant atrial wall thickness and macroscopic structure ultimately helping investigators to develop better ablation and imaging tools. It also highlights the impact of collagen thickness on optical measurements and lesion visualization.
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 7, 2017
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