Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 83, No. 12, pp. 22542257.
Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2010.
Original Russian Text
A.M. Gevorgyan, D A. Ziyaev, G.V. Kireev, 2010, published in Khimicheskaya Promyshlennost’, 2010, Vol. 86, No. 5, pp. 261264.
Analytical Abilities of the Inversion Voltammetry
in Setermination of Antimony
in Industrial Materials
A. M. Gevorgyan, D. A. Ziyaev, and G. V. Kireev
Mirzo Ulugbek National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Received July 4, 2010
Abstract— The possibility and conditions of the inversion voltammetric estimation of antimony on the basis of
different in nature and concentration background electrolytes or buffer solutions are shown and optimized. It is
established that the elaborated method can be applied in the analysis of modeled binary, triple, and more complex
mixtures as well as of real natural objects and industrial materials. In all cases the elaborated inversion voltammetric
method is evaluated by metrological procedure, and the relative standard deviation (S
) is no more 0.129.
Nowadays among many problems which face the
human race the environmental protection is on one of
the leading places . The intensive anthropogenic
loading on natural resources causes the change in the
directions and tempos of migration of micro elements
included in background composition of soils, waters,
and contaminations additionally incoming from different
In conditions of anthropogenic pollution of the
environment the main sources of the appearance
of antimony in the soil and water are: ferrous and
nonferrous metallurgy (production of alloys, processing
of secondary nonferrous metals); instrumentation
(electrotechnical and chemical industry); manufacture
of varnish-and-paint products. Antimony like other
metals is the component of different alloys and is used
in the production of matches; pure antimony is used in
semiconductors of different nature and application.
It is necessary and important to note that antimony
forms volatile compounds; and as the result of it the air
transfer of antimony on large distances from industrial
centers and areas is possible.
As is well known, antimony and its compounds due
to their toxicity and mutagenic activity cause irritation
of mucous membrane, airways and alimentary canal as
well as skin. At chronic poisoning these substances are
also able to cause metabolic disorder and negatively
inﬂ uence the nervous system and heart operation. At
hydrolysis of SbCl
HCl is formed in the body that leads
to acute pneumonia, inﬂ ammation of air ways, and
hazardous effect on digestive system. Antimony chloride
irritates eyes, causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and
muscle weakness; at it getting into the stomach the delay
in urination is observed, spasms appear, cardiovascular
pathology, weakness, collapse, and death.
Nowadays optical and electrochemical methods of
analysis  are widely used for evaluation of antimony
in different natural and industrial materials.
In connection with described above problem as well
as with the urgency of the problems it was interesting to
elaborate new electroanalytical methods of estimation
of micro and trace amounts of antimony in objects of the
environment, in particular, in industrial materials.
The targets of the current work are as follows: the
elaboration and optimization of conditions of inversion
voltammetric method of estimation of small and trace
concentrations of antimony that has undisputable
advantages: high accuracy, selectivity, short the period