Iddm14 (formerly Iddm4) is a non-MHC-linked genetic locus associated with autoimmune diabetes. Its effects have been well-documented in BB-derived rats in which diabetes is either induced by immunologic perturbation or occurs spontaneously. The role of Iddm14 in non-BB rat strains is unknown. Our goal was to extend the analysis of Iddm14 in new diabetes-susceptible strains and to identify candidate genes in the rat Iddm14 diabetes susceptibility locus that are common to these multiple diabetic strains. To determine if Iddm14 is important in strains other than BB, we first genotyped a (LEW.1WR1 × WF)F2 cohort in which diabetes was induced by perturbation with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid. We found that Iddm14 is a major determinant of diabetes susceptibility in LEW.1WR1 rats. We then used nucleotide sequencing to establish a strain distribution pattern of polymorphisms (insertions, deletions, and single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs]) that predicts susceptibility to diabetes in a panel of inbred and congenic rats. Using the positional information from the congenic strains and the new linkage data, we identified a susceptibility haplotype in the T-cell receptor Vβ chain (Tcrb-V) locus. This haplotype includes Tcrb-V13, which is identical in five susceptible strains but different in resistant WF and F344 rats. We conclude that Iddm14 is a powerful determinant of both spontaneous and induced autoimmune diabetes in multiple rat strains, and that Tcrb-V13 SNPs constitute a haplotype of gene elements that may be critical for autoimmune diabetes in rats.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 10, 2009
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