Analysis of the Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Characteristics of an Immature Karst Aquifer System

Analysis of the Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Characteristics of an Immature Karst Aquifer... This study intends, using classic and new techniques (e.g., Time Series Analysis, TSA), and hydrogeological data for the period February 2008 - May 2011, to improve the existing knowledge on the hydrogeology of the immature karst Philippi aquifer system (PHAS), Northeast Greece, in order to introduce the sustainable integrated water management of this system. The PHAS catchment consists of Mesozoic fissured and slightly karstified marbles, and covers an area of 121.7 km2. It discharges through the perennial, fault-controlled, overflow Voirani spring, which serves the needs of 85,000 inhabitants. Source of recharge is direct diffuse infiltration of precipitation. The Voirani spring mean discharge rate is 1.48 m3/s and ranges from 1 to 2.1 m3/s. Its variability index ranges from 1.73 to 2.07 m3/s. Auto- and cross-correlation and spectral analyses were used in combination with PHAS hydrogeological characteristics to study the interrelationship of daily spring discharge and rainfall, and provided useful information about the PHAS memory effect. PHAS baseflow prevailed greatly and had a behavior similar to a porous aquifer. The catchment area recharges and stores deep circulating water, while its karstification is poorly developed with high storages. The Voirani spring water is of Ca-HCO3 chemical type, of high quality, and oversaturated with respect to calcite. Examination of hydrograph and chemograph data revealed that PHAS is dominated by diffuse flow of stable hydrochemical composition. The application of TSA combined with classic hydrogeological techniques can be used in order to achieve a sustainable integrated water management of this system. Environmental Processes Springer Journals

Analysis of the Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Characteristics of an Immature Karst Aquifer System

Loading next page...
Springer International Publishing
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Earth Sciences; Environmental Science and Engineering; Environmental Management; Waste Management/Waste Technology; Water Quality/Water Pollution
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial