Analysis of the DRD4 Gene Polymorphism in Populations of Russia and Neighboring Countries

Analysis of the DRD4 Gene Polymorphism in Populations of Russia and Neighboring Countries Allele and genotype frequencies of the VNTR polymorphism in the third exon of humanDRD4 gene were determined in 544 individuals living in Russia (Russians, Bashkirs, Tatars, and Mordovians) and in the neighboring countries (Kazakhs and Ukrainians). The data obtained were compared with the allele frequency distribution patterns reported for the populations of Eurasia. Similarly to other Eurasian populations, in our population samples R4 allele was prevalent (64 to 87%). The frequency of this allele in the populations of Western Europe constitute 61 to 71%, while in the populations of Asia it varies from 74 to 96%. In this respect, the populations studied occupied the intermediate position. In the samples examined the R7 allele frequency decreased from 7% in Ukrainians to 1% in Bashkirs, while in Kazakhs and Mordovians the allele was absent. This finding was consistent with theR7 allele distribution pattern in the populations of Eurasia, characterized by higher frequency in the West and lower frequency or absence of the allele in the East. In the group of 22 Eurasian populations, the R7 allele frequency negatively correlated with the frequency of the R4 allele (r = -0.86 at P < 0.001). Unlike the R4 and R7 alleles, the frequency of which changed in the eastward direction, the R2 allele frequency distribution displayed slightly expressed latitudinal increase southwards. The DRD4 genotype distribution deviated from the equilibrium in most of the samples examined. In some samples, statistically significant increase of the R2/R2homozygotes frequency was demonstrated. One of the possible explanations of this phenomenon is assortative mating with respect to phenotypic (behavioral) allele manifestation. The data obtained can serve as the basis for the investigation of the possible role of the DRD4 alleles as the risk factors for the development of alcoholism and other types of addictions. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Analysis of the DRD4 Gene Polymorphism in Populations of Russia and Neighboring Countries

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial