Analysis of temporal–longitudinal–latitudinal characteristics in the global ionosphere based on tensor rank-1 decomposition

Analysis of temporal–longitudinal–latitudinal characteristics in the global ionosphere based... Combining analyses of spatial and temporal characteristics of the ionosphere is of great significance for scientific research and engineering applications. Tensor decomposition is performed to explore the temporal–longitudinal–latitudinal characteristics in the ionosphere. Three-dimensional tensors are established based on the time series of ionospheric vertical total electron content maps obtained from the Centre for Orbit Determination in Europe. To obtain large-scale characteristics of the ionosphere, rank-1 decomposition is used to obtain $$U^{(1)}$$ U ( 1 ) , $$U^{(2)}$$ U ( 2 ) , and $$U^{(3)}$$ U ( 3 ) , which are the resulting vectors for the time, longitude, and latitude modes, respectively. Our initial finding is that the correspondence between the frequency spectrum of $$U^{(1)}$$ U ( 1 ) and solar variation indicates that rank-1 decomposition primarily describes large-scale temporal variations in the global ionosphere caused by the Sun. Furthermore, the time lags between the maxima of the ionospheric $$U^{(2)}$$ U ( 2 ) and solar irradiation range from 1 to 3.7 h without seasonal dependence. The differences in time lags may indicate different interactions between processes in the magnetosphere–ionosphere–thermosphere system. Based on the dataset displayed in the geomagnetic coordinates, the position of the barycenter of $$U^{(3)}$$ U ( 3 ) provides evidence for north–south asymmetry (NSA) in the large-scale ionospheric variations. The daily variation in such asymmetry indicates the influences of solar ionization. The diurnal geomagnetic coordinate variations in $$U^{(3)}$$ U ( 3 ) show that the large-scale EIA (equatorial ionization anomaly) variations during the day and night have similar characteristics. Considering the influences of geomagnetic disturbance on ionospheric behavior, we select the geomagnetic quiet GIMs to construct the ionospheric tensor. The results indicate that the geomagnetic disturbances have little effect on large-scale ionospheric characteristics.[Figure not available: see fulltext.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Earth, Planets and Space Springer Journals

Analysis of temporal–longitudinal–latitudinal characteristics in the global ionosphere based on tensor rank-1 decomposition

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Earth Sciences; Earth Sciences, general; Geology; Geophysics/Geodesy
eISSN
1880-5981
D.O.I.
10.1186/s40623-018-0808-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Combining analyses of spatial and temporal characteristics of the ionosphere is of great significance for scientific research and engineering applications. Tensor decomposition is performed to explore the temporal–longitudinal–latitudinal characteristics in the ionosphere. Three-dimensional tensors are established based on the time series of ionospheric vertical total electron content maps obtained from the Centre for Orbit Determination in Europe. To obtain large-scale characteristics of the ionosphere, rank-1 decomposition is used to obtain $$U^{(1)}$$ U ( 1 ) , $$U^{(2)}$$ U ( 2 ) , and $$U^{(3)}$$ U ( 3 ) , which are the resulting vectors for the time, longitude, and latitude modes, respectively. Our initial finding is that the correspondence between the frequency spectrum of $$U^{(1)}$$ U ( 1 ) and solar variation indicates that rank-1 decomposition primarily describes large-scale temporal variations in the global ionosphere caused by the Sun. Furthermore, the time lags between the maxima of the ionospheric $$U^{(2)}$$ U ( 2 ) and solar irradiation range from 1 to 3.7 h without seasonal dependence. The differences in time lags may indicate different interactions between processes in the magnetosphere–ionosphere–thermosphere system. Based on the dataset displayed in the geomagnetic coordinates, the position of the barycenter of $$U^{(3)}$$ U ( 3 ) provides evidence for north–south asymmetry (NSA) in the large-scale ionospheric variations. The daily variation in such asymmetry indicates the influences of solar ionization. The diurnal geomagnetic coordinate variations in $$U^{(3)}$$ U ( 3 ) show that the large-scale EIA (equatorial ionization anomaly) variations during the day and night have similar characteristics. Considering the influences of geomagnetic disturbance on ionospheric behavior, we select the geomagnetic quiet GIMs to construct the ionospheric tensor. The results indicate that the geomagnetic disturbances have little effect on large-scale ionospheric characteristics.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Journal

Earth, Planets and SpaceSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 14, 2018

References

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