Lithium is one of the classical drugs that have been widely used for treating bipolar disorder. However, several cardiac side effects including sick sinus syndrome, bundle branch block, ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, non-specific T-wave abnormalities in addition to Brugada-type electrocardiographic changes have been noticed in patients who were given anti- depressant, anticonvulsant, and/or antipsychotic drugs besides lithium. In this study, we assessed cardiohemodynamic and electrophysiological effects of lithium carbonate by itself to begin to analyze onset mechanisms of its cardiovascular side effects. Lithium carbonate in intravenous doses of 0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg over 10 min was cumulatively administered with an interval of 20 min to the halothane-anesthetized beagle dogs (n = 4), which provided peak plasma Li concentrations of 0.02, 0.18, and 1.79 mEq/L, respectively, reflecting sub-therapeutic to toxic concentrations. The low and middle doses prolonged the ventricular effective refractory period at 30 min and for 5–30 min, respectively. The high dose decreased the heart rate for 45–60 min, delayed the intraventricular conduction for 15–20 min and the ventricular repolarization at 45 min, and prolonged the effective refractory period for 5–60 min. No significant change was detected in the other cardiovascular variables. Thus, lithium alone may have a wide safety margin against hemodynamic adverse events; however, it would directly +
Cardiovascular Toxicology – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera