The genetic diversity among spawning groups of herring from different parts of the White Sea was assessed using ten microsatellite loci. All loci were polymorphic with the expected heterozygosity estimates varying in the range of 12.7–94.1% (mean was 59.5%). The degree of genetic differentiation displayed by White Sea herring was statistically significant (θ = 2.03%). The level of pairwise genetic differentiation F ST was 0–0.085, and it was statistically significant in most of the comparison pairs between the herring samples. A hierarchical analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed the statistically significant differentiation of White Sea herring. 96.59% genetic variation was found within the samples and 3.41% variation was found among the populations. The main component of interpopulation diversity (1.85%) falls at the differences between two ecological forms of herring, spring- and summer-spawning. Within the spring-spawning form, the presence of local stocks in Kandalaksha Bay, Onega Bay, and Dvina Bay was demonstrated.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 16, 2013
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