Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Spring Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) Cultivars Released in Russia in 1929–2004

Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Spring Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) Cultivars Released in... Based on genealogical analysis, the genetic diversity of 78 spring durum wheat cultivars released in Russia in 1929–2004 have been examined. The temporal trends of change in diversity were studied using series of n × m matrices (where n is the number of the cultivars and m is the number of original ancestors) and calculating coefficients of parentage in sets of cultivars released in particular years. The pool of original ancestors of spring durum wheat cultivars includes 90 landraces and old varieties, more than a half (57%) of which originate from European countries, including Russia and Ukraine (45%). The original ancestors strongly differ in the frequency of presence in the cultivar pedigrees. Landraces Beloturka, Sivouska, Kubanka (T. durum Desf.), Transbaikalian emmer, Yaroslav emmer (T. dicoccum Schuebl.), Poltavka (T. aestivum L.), and the original ancestors of cultivars Kharkov 46, Narodnaya, and Melanopus 1932 enter in the pedigrees of more than half of cultivars created within the framework of various breeding programs. At that, their distribution by cultivars from different breeding centers strongly varies. Analysis of temporal dynamics of genetic diversity, based on genetic profiles and coefficients of parentage, has shown that the genetic diversity of Russian durum wheats increased during the period examined. Nevertheless, genetic erosion of the local material—a loss of approximately 20% of the pool of Russian original ancestors—has been found. The contribution of the original ancestors to the pedigrees of different cultivars, constructed in different breeding centers and recommended for cultivation in different regions, has been estimated. The variation of the released cultivars was highest in the Lower Volga region and lowest in the Ural region. In all, the lower threshold of genetic diversity in all regions does not reach the critical level, corresponding to the similarity of half-sibs. The set of modern cultivars included in the Russian Official List 2004 has a cluster structure. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Spring Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) Cultivars Released in Russia in 1929–2004

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/analysis-of-genetic-diversity-of-spring-durum-wheat-triticum-durum-kVG1zRbnRY
Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11177-005-0208-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial