Analysis of Diversity of Autosomal Recessive Diseases in Populations of Russia

Analysis of Diversity of Autosomal Recessive Diseases in Populations of Russia The diversity of autosomal recessive (AR) diseases was studied in six Russian regions: the Kirov, Kostroma, and Bryansk oblasts; Adygea Republic; Krasnodar krai, and Marii El Republic (in the latter region, the Mari and Russian ethnic groups were studied separately). In total, more than 1.5 million people were studied. The spectrum of the AR diseases included 101 nosological forms; the total number of the affected was 942. For all diseases, the prevalence rate in the region where they were found and the mean prevalence rate in the total population studied were calculated. Only seven AR diseases had prevalence rates of 1 : 50000 or higher; however, this group contained about 50% of the patients. About half of the AR diseases (66) had an extremely low prevalence rate (1 : 877483). Eleven diseases exhibit local accumulation. Accumulation of some or other diseases was only observed in four out of seven populations studied (Marii El, Adygea, and the Kirov and Bryansk oblasts). To determine the cause of the local accumulation of some diseases in populations, correlation analysis of the dependence of accumulation of hereditary diseases on the genetic structure of the populations studied was performed. The accumulation coefficients for AR and autosomal dominant (AD) diseases and the mean values of random inbreeding (F st) in individual districts were calculated for all populations studied. The coefficients of the Spearman rank correlation between the accumulation coefficient and random inbreeding (F st) were 0.68 and 0.86 for the AD and AR diseases, respectively. The correlation between the accumulation of AD and AR diseases was 0.86. The relationships found indicate that the diversity of AD and AR diseases, as well as the genetic load, distinctly depended on the population genetic structure and were largely determined by genetic drift. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Analysis of Diversity of Autosomal Recessive Diseases in Populations of Russia

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/analysis-of-diversity-of-autosomal-recessive-diseases-in-populations-NHiVm8odNa
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1012569411698
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The diversity of autosomal recessive (AR) diseases was studied in six Russian regions: the Kirov, Kostroma, and Bryansk oblasts; Adygea Republic; Krasnodar krai, and Marii El Republic (in the latter region, the Mari and Russian ethnic groups were studied separately). In total, more than 1.5 million people were studied. The spectrum of the AR diseases included 101 nosological forms; the total number of the affected was 942. For all diseases, the prevalence rate in the region where they were found and the mean prevalence rate in the total population studied were calculated. Only seven AR diseases had prevalence rates of 1 : 50000 or higher; however, this group contained about 50% of the patients. About half of the AR diseases (66) had an extremely low prevalence rate (1 : 877483). Eleven diseases exhibit local accumulation. Accumulation of some or other diseases was only observed in four out of seven populations studied (Marii El, Adygea, and the Kirov and Bryansk oblasts). To determine the cause of the local accumulation of some diseases in populations, correlation analysis of the dependence of accumulation of hereditary diseases on the genetic structure of the populations studied was performed. The accumulation coefficients for AR and autosomal dominant (AD) diseases and the mean values of random inbreeding (F st) in individual districts were calculated for all populations studied. The coefficients of the Spearman rank correlation between the accumulation coefficient and random inbreeding (F st) were 0.68 and 0.86 for the AD and AR diseases, respectively. The correlation between the accumulation of AD and AR diseases was 0.86. The relationships found indicate that the diversity of AD and AR diseases, as well as the genetic load, distinctly depended on the population genetic structure and were largely determined by genetic drift.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off