Polymerase chain reaction with subsequent SSCP (single-strand DNA conformational polymorphism) and restriction (BselI restriction endonuclease) analyses were used to type the DNA samples of affected individuals and their relatives from 23 Russian families with high risk of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) residing in the northwestern region of Russia. Deletions of exon 7 of the SMN1gene were found in 96% of the individuals examined. The frequency of homozygous deletion of exons 7 and 8 of the SMN1gene was 65%. The frequency of homozygous isolated deletion of the SMN1gene exon 7 among the SMA patients was 4.3%. Homozygous deletion of exon 5 of the NAIPgene was found in 22% of SMA patients. In SMA patients, a total of seven deletion types involving the SMN1, NAIP, and SMN2genes were detected. Deletion of exons 7 and 8 of the SMN1gene was the most common mutation associated with SMA in patients from the northwestern Russia.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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