Analysis of codon usage in bovine viral diarrhea virus

Analysis of codon usage in bovine viral diarrhea virus Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a widespread virus in beef and dairy herds. BVDV has been grouped into two genotypes, genotype 1 and genotype 2. In this study, the relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) values, effective number of codon (ENC) values and nucleotide content were investigated, and a comparative analysis of codon usage patterns for open reading frames (ORFs) of 22 BVDV genomes, including 14 of genotype 1 and 8 of genotype 2, was carried out. A high A+U content and low codon bias were found in BVDV genomes. Depending on the RSCU data, it was found that there was a significant variation in bias of codon usage between the two genotypes, and a geographic factor exists only in genotype-1 of BVDV. The RSCU data have a negative correlation with general average hydrophobicity (GRAVY), aromaticity and nucleotide content. Furthermore, the overall abundance of C and U has no effect on the synonymous codon usage patterns. In contrast, the A and G content showed a significant correlation with the nucleotide content at the third position. In addition, the codon usage patterns of BVDV are similar to those of 22 conserved genes of Bos taurus . Taken together, the genetic characteristics of BVDV possibly result from interactions between natural seclection and mutation pressure. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Analysis of codon usage in bovine viral diarrhea virus

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Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
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