The promoter of the maize glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 4 gene (GapC4) confers strong, specific and ubiquitous anaerobic reporter gene expression in tobacco. To identify factors required for heterologous anaerobic gene expression, 19 progressive 5′ and 3′ promoter deletions were linked to a chimeric GapC4 TATA box-β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene construct and transformed into tobacco. In all transgenic lines aerobic expression values were in the range obtained for negative controls while histochemical GUS assays reveal some weak expression in roots only. Anaerobic induction of about 100-fold to more than 1000-fold above unspecific background is mediated by a region of about 190 bp of the GapC4 promoter. Anaerobic reporter gene induction strongly decreases upon deletion of a 20 bp fragment from −286 to −266 relative to the transcription start point. This fragment harbours putative cis-acting sequences. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays with a 50 bp fragment harbouring these cis sequences reveal a high-mobility complex that is formed with nuclear extracts from aerobic and anaerobic leaf tissue while an additional low-mobility complex is anaerobiosis-specific. The formation of the high-mobility complex requires the sequence GTGGGCCCG. The 50 bp fragment alone confers weak and orientation-dependent anaerobic induction to a GapC4 TATA box-β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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