The giant thorny-headed worm Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus is a zoonotic acanthocephalan species with a worldwide distribution. Its natural definitive hosts are primarily pigs and wild boars (Sus scrofa), and scarabaeid beetles serve as the intermediate host. To date, there has only been one record of this acanthocephalan in Japan: a Ryukyu wild boar (Sus scrofa riukiuanus) hunted in 1973 on Amami Island, faraway from the Japanese mainland. The present study reports the second case of this acanthocephalan in Japan: a Japanese wild boar (Sus scrofa leucomystax) hunted in May 2017 in Yamaguchi Prefecture, the westernmost part of the Japanese mainland (Honshu). More than a dozen acanthocephalans (123 to 233 mm in length and 5 to 6 mm in width) were found with their proboscides inserted deeply into the intestinal wall, forming grossly visible nodules on the external surface. Isolated worms underwent a molecular genetic characterization of the ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox-1). Long rDNA nucleotide sequences (5870 to 5890 bp) spanning the beginning of the 18S rDNA through to the 28S rDNA, including the internal transcribed spacer regions, and 1384-bp cox-1 nucleotide sequences were obtained. In the future, in conjunction with the accumulation of molecular genetic data of multiple M. hirudinaceus isolates from different endemic localities abroad, our data may help to postulate the origin or present transmission status of this extremely rarely encountered acanthocephalan in Japan.
Parasitology Research – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera