An Investigation on the Causes of Failure in A210 Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes in an Oil Refinery

An Investigation on the Causes of Failure in A210 Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes in an Oil Refinery As boilers are subjected to corrosive streams and harsh operating conditions, their tubes are susceptible to corrosion and failure by different damage mechanisms. In the current study, the causes of cracking and failure of connection tubes of a boiler header are studied. These tubes were connected between the primary and secondary headers of the boiler and according to the design information were constructed of ASTM A210-A1 carbon steel. There were two cracked tubes wherein one of them had a crack in a weld HAZ region and another had a crack in the base material. To investigate the failure, different microscopical and analytical techniques such as SEM and mechanical tests were used. The results of analysis showed that the material of construction was in accordance with the design specification. Considering the cracks dagger-shaped appearance, it was concluded that thermal fatigue due to the operation conditions and utilization of water spray cooling technique was the main cause of the failure. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention Springer Journals

An Investigation on the Causes of Failure in A210 Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes in an Oil Refinery

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by ASM International
Subject
Materials Science; Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Classical Mechanics; Structural Mechanics; Quality Control, Reliability, Safety and Risk
ISSN
1547-7029
eISSN
1864-1245
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11668-018-0486-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

As boilers are subjected to corrosive streams and harsh operating conditions, their tubes are susceptible to corrosion and failure by different damage mechanisms. In the current study, the causes of cracking and failure of connection tubes of a boiler header are studied. These tubes were connected between the primary and secondary headers of the boiler and according to the design information were constructed of ASTM A210-A1 carbon steel. There were two cracked tubes wherein one of them had a crack in a weld HAZ region and another had a crack in the base material. To investigate the failure, different microscopical and analytical techniques such as SEM and mechanical tests were used. The results of analysis showed that the material of construction was in accordance with the design specification. Considering the cracks dagger-shaped appearance, it was concluded that thermal fatigue due to the operation conditions and utilization of water spray cooling technique was the main cause of the failure.

Journal

Journal of Failure Analysis and PreventionSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2018

References

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