An Integrated View of the Kinetics of Glucose and Phosphate Transport, and of Glucose 6-Phosphate Transport and Hydrolysis in Intact Rat Liver Microsomes

An Integrated View of the Kinetics of Glucose and Phosphate Transport, and of Glucose 6-Phosphate... The dynamics of the glucose 6-phosphatase system were investigated in intact rat liver microsomes using a fast-sampling, rapid-filtration apparatus. Glucose and phosphate transport followed single exponential kinetics, appeared to be homogeneous, was unaffected by unlabeled substrate concentrations up to 100 mm, proved insensitive to various potential inhibitors, and demonstrated similarly low energies of activation. The extent of tracer accumulation from glucose 6-phosphate depended on which of the glucose or phosphate moieties was the labeled species in the parent molecule. The rates of tracer equilibration reflected those of glucose or phosphate transport but similar initial rates of uptake were observed for the glucose and phosphate products of hydrolysis. However, the latter accounted for only 12–13% of the steady-state rate of total glucose production. It is concluded that tracer uptake cannot represent substrate transport, that labeled glucose 6-phosphate at best represents a tiny fraction of the intramicrosomal glucose or phosphate pools, and that glucose 6-phosphate transport is not an obligatory prerequisite to its hydrolysis. The latter conclusion invalidates a major postulate of the substrate transport-catalytic unit concept but proves compatible with a conformational model whereby glucose 6-phosphate transport and hydrolysis are tightly coupled processes while glucose and phosphate share, along with water and a variety of other organic and inorganic solutes, a common porelike structure for their transport through the microsomal membrane. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

An Integrated View of the Kinetics of Glucose and Phosphate Transport, and of Glucose 6-Phosphate Transport and Hydrolysis in Intact Rat Liver Microsomes

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002320010042
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The dynamics of the glucose 6-phosphatase system were investigated in intact rat liver microsomes using a fast-sampling, rapid-filtration apparatus. Glucose and phosphate transport followed single exponential kinetics, appeared to be homogeneous, was unaffected by unlabeled substrate concentrations up to 100 mm, proved insensitive to various potential inhibitors, and demonstrated similarly low energies of activation. The extent of tracer accumulation from glucose 6-phosphate depended on which of the glucose or phosphate moieties was the labeled species in the parent molecule. The rates of tracer equilibration reflected those of glucose or phosphate transport but similar initial rates of uptake were observed for the glucose and phosphate products of hydrolysis. However, the latter accounted for only 12–13% of the steady-state rate of total glucose production. It is concluded that tracer uptake cannot represent substrate transport, that labeled glucose 6-phosphate at best represents a tiny fraction of the intramicrosomal glucose or phosphate pools, and that glucose 6-phosphate transport is not an obligatory prerequisite to its hydrolysis. The latter conclusion invalidates a major postulate of the substrate transport-catalytic unit concept but proves compatible with a conformational model whereby glucose 6-phosphate transport and hydrolysis are tightly coupled processes while glucose and phosphate share, along with water and a variety of other organic and inorganic solutes, a common porelike structure for their transport through the microsomal membrane.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 15, 2001

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