An Integrated Socio-Environmental Model of Health and Well-Being: a Conceptual Framework Exploring the Joint Contribution of Environmental and Social Exposures to Health and Disease Over the Life Span

An Integrated Socio-Environmental Model of Health and Well-Being: a Conceptual Framework... Purpose of the review Environmental and social determinants of health often co-occur, particularly among socially disadvan- taged populations, yet because they are usually studied separately, their joint effects on health are likely underestimated. Building on converging bodies of literature, we delineate a conceptual framework to address these issues. Recent findings Previous models provided a foundation for study in this area, and generated research pointing to additional important issues. These include a stronger focus on biobehavioral pathways, both positive and adverse health outcomes, and intergenerational effects. To accommodate the expanded set of issues, we put forward the Integrated Socio-Environmental Model of Health and Well-Being (ISEM), which examines how social and environmental factors combine and potentially interact, via multi-factorial pathways, to affect health and well-being over the life span. We then provide applied examples including the study of how food environments affect dietary behavior. Summary The ISEM provides a comprehensive, theoretically informed framework to guide future research on the joint contri- bution of social and environmental factors to health and well-being across the life span. . . . . Keywords Total environment Social determinants Cumulative exposures Life course Health disparities Introduction crossover despite a common goal of promoting and safeguarding human http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Environmental Health Reports Springer Journals

An Integrated Socio-Environmental Model of Health and Well-Being: a Conceptual Framework Exploring the Joint Contribution of Environmental and Social Exposures to Health and Disease Over the Life Span

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Medicine/Public Health, general; Environmental Health
eISSN
2196-5412
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40572-018-0191-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of the review Environmental and social determinants of health often co-occur, particularly among socially disadvan- taged populations, yet because they are usually studied separately, their joint effects on health are likely underestimated. Building on converging bodies of literature, we delineate a conceptual framework to address these issues. Recent findings Previous models provided a foundation for study in this area, and generated research pointing to additional important issues. These include a stronger focus on biobehavioral pathways, both positive and adverse health outcomes, and intergenerational effects. To accommodate the expanded set of issues, we put forward the Integrated Socio-Environmental Model of Health and Well-Being (ISEM), which examines how social and environmental factors combine and potentially interact, via multi-factorial pathways, to affect health and well-being over the life span. We then provide applied examples including the study of how food environments affect dietary behavior. Summary The ISEM provides a comprehensive, theoretically informed framework to guide future research on the joint contri- bution of social and environmental factors to health and well-being across the life span. . . . . Keywords Total environment Social determinants Cumulative exposures Life course Health disparities Introduction crossover despite a common goal of promoting and safeguarding human

Journal

Current Environmental Health ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2018

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